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Originally posted on Rashid's Blog:

Often called the birthplace of human civilization, the “the fertile crescent” because of its lush soil, the “crescent” of land mostly includes modern-day Iraq, Syria, Jordan, and Israel-Palestine. (Some definitions also include the Nile River valley in Egypt.) People started farming here in 9000 BC, and by around 2500 BC the Sumerians formed the first complex society that resembles what we’d now call a “country,” complete with written laws and a political system.

Here in this wonderful post from Max Fisher on Vox there are great maps on

  • Fertile Crescent

  • Phoenicians spread from Lebanon across the Mediterranean

  • How the East gave Europe religion, three times

  • When Islamic Forces conquered the Middle East

  • Rise and fall of the Ottoman Empire

  • The Sykes-Picot treaty that carved up the Middle East

  • The complete history of Islamic states

  • The 2011 Arab Spring

  • The Sunni-Shia divide

  • Israel’s 1947 founding and the 1948 Israeli-Arab War

  • Israeli settlements in the…

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Originally posted on leaf and twig:

keeping things together
rather than apart
the old fence embraces
autumn’s abundance of goldenrod

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Originally posted on Friendly Fairy Tales:

Tree in Woods with Dragon Toe

Dragons are masters of hiding.
Sightings on the ground are rare.
Gannon would never have found one
but for the dragon toe below.
When he looked up,
The bark of the tree moved, and
A knot in the bark turned into an eye.
Fire blotted out the sky.
Gannon jumped on its back
As it spread leafy wings,
And together they flew toward the moon.

Copyright 2014 Brenda Davis Harsham

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Originally posted on Rashid's Blog:

One would be tempted to think and argue that the cities of Delhi were in reality less or more than seven. But the accepted number is seven (excluding New Delhi) and these are cities whose remains are extant. Historians speak of the “Seven Cities of Delhi” but, between 1100 A.D. and 1947 A.D., there have been eight of them:

  • The oldest city near the site of the Qutab Minar-Mahrauli

Mehrauli  is in the neighbourhood in the South West district of Delhi in India. It . The area is located close to Gurgaon and next to Vasant Kunj.

  • Siri

Siri was built during the rule of Ala-ud-Din Khalji of the Delhi Sultanate to defend the city from the onslaught of the Mongols. It was the second of the seven cities of medieval Delhi built around 1303 (stated to be the first entirely constructed by Muslims), which at present is seen only in ruins with a few remnants.

  • Tughlqabad

Built by Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq, the founder of Tughlaq dynasty…

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Originally posted on The Aryan Invasion Issues:

SKU-000680286_COVER (1)

Publishers: Partridge Publishers

Important retailers:

and Flipcart.

Book is the result of a multidisciplinary examination of materials on the topics of Indo-European migration and the dates of the Vedas, available in the fields of archaeology, geology, archaeo-botany, philology, ecology, genetics and the Vedic Samhita texts by a single person so as to make meaningful conclusions about the Aryan issue and the Vedic dates.

There is a lot of information in the Vedas which pose the time limits for each of the four Vedic Samhitas. The Rig-Veda does not have wheat, rice, millets, lentil, date-palm (Phoenix) and sesamum. These appear in the Yajur-Veda. From recent works in archaeology, we know that wheat and rice both were well cultivated in the Ghaghar-Hakra (Sarasvati) culture in the fifth millennium BC. Thus Rig-Veda must be before that time. Lentil was domesticated in West Asia, but arrived in India in the…

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Originally posted on Coalition for American Wildbirds:

Gray_wolf : Gary Kramer USFWS

By Defenders of Wildlife


Date: September 16, 2014

Contact:  Suzanne Stone:; (208) 861-4655

Melanie Gade: (202) 772-0288

Blaine County Says No More Wolf Killing

KETCHUM, Idaho – The City Council of Ketchum in Blaine County unanimously passed a resolution yesterday requesting that the State of Idaho use nonlethal tools – guard dogs, strobe lights, electric fencing – over lethal tools – aerial gunning, hunting and trapping – to manage wolf and livestock conflicts in Blaine County. The resolution requests that the State of Idaho “recognize the importance of recreation, tourism and wildlife to our citizens and economy, not expand lethal control of wolves within Blaine County, reconsider its estimates of a viable wolf population, and to work cooperatively with the Wood River Wolf Project.” This is first time a town in Idaho has passed a resolution against the use of lethal control on wolves…

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Originally posted on Art, animals, and the earth:


On Sunday, August 3, ESAF, the Egyptian Society of Animal Friends resumed their feeding program for the Pyramids animals, which they’ve been conducting for several years now.

The animals fed and given vet care during the month of August numbered around 1,600 horses. They went five times a week in August.

Since the program for this year started in February, they’ve fed and cared for 1,943 animals in February; 3,157 in March, 3,211 in April, in May and June, a total of 4,800 animals, in July 110 animals. The total so far in 2014 is 13,381 animals. These are horses, donkeys and camels, normally used to give rides to tourists visiting the Pyramids.

Because of civil unrest in Egypt over the past few years, there’s been a sharp decline in tourism, and, due to lack of revenue, the animals owners haven’t been able to adequately care for them, so ESAF has…

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Mill Stone

Originally posted on leaf and twig:

without her sister stone
she is but a gentle guide

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Originally posted on ramblinginthecity:

I’ve wanted to visit Stonehenge since the year 2000. Back then, I was pursuing a Masters in Urban Planning at Texas A&M University and taking a course in historic preservation. Professor David Woodcock encouraged me to pursue my interest in cultural landscapes, and with his help (he leveraged his contacts at English Heritage and got them to send me every piece of research they had in their possession!) I wrote a great term paper on Stonehenge.

The mysticism of this circle of stones has stayed with me ever since. It’s the kind of place that evokes in me an unnamed indescribable fascination for history. I wonder how humans in those long bygone days conceived the world around them, how they built their social fabric and how they sowed the seeds for the complexities of existence that we take for granted today.

Stonehenge is a neolithic site created from enormous stones…

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Late Bloom

Originally posted on leaf and twig:

delphinium unfurls
a final wave of blue
summer’s sendoff

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